Biology 344........ Spring 2017........ Dr. G.R. Davis

Office 203E Milliken, Biology Suite
Campus phone 597-4621 Cell 864-237-2165

Class Meetings TTH 8-9:20 am MSH 225, Lab M 2-5 MSH 204
Text: Pawlina.....Histology: A Text and Atlas, 7th ed.

Dr. Davis's Home Page

last updated 2 May 2017 at 9:23 am

MSH 204 is available for laser disk study with Key card access anytime the building is open except for Wednesday afternoons when Freshwater Biology labs are scheduled.
We will have a laser disk player in Milliken 207 from 2-6 pm on Wednesdays only and students will have key card access to that room only during those hours.

You may not eat or drink in lab, nor may you have guests. The lab must remain neat and clean or study priviledges will be curtailed.

Tips on Studying Histology




Class Meeting Topics

Links to questions in word.doc format and (number of questions)

Quiz each Thursday based on Monday's lab topics

Lab Topics and Lists of Plates and Slides for each Lab
(latest revision on 27 Feb 2017)
Labs on Mondays

T   FEB 7

Introduction  and Methods (37)

Brief meeting in Lab 206 on Monday, Feb 6 at 2 pm.

Th  FEB 9

Tissues (7) and Epithelia (46)

Tips for Using a Microscope

T   FEB 14

Connective tissue(61) Adipose (19) and Cartilage (33)

Epithelia (1) List of Plates and Slides

Th  FEB 16  

Bone (57) (covered 1-38)

T   FEB  21

Bone (continued), Bone formation  (48)

Connective Tissue, Cartilage, and Adipose Tissue (2)

Th  FEB 23

Blood (60) (Have answers to Questions 1-30 done.)

T  FEB 28

Blood (questions 31-60) and Muscle (47)  

Bone (3)

Th  MAR 2

Nervous system (66) (Questions 1-40)

T   MAR 7     

Laser disk for muscle (~1 hour), finish Nervous system Questions 41-66.

Blood and Muscle (4) Tips on Studying Histology

Th  MAR 9     

No class this day; Dr. Davis attending son's graduation at Fort Benning

FRIDAY March 10th

7:30- 8:20 Quiz on Blood and Muscle


T   MAR 14     

Test #1 (up to and including blood & muscle.) Finish Laserdisk review of Nervous Tissue

Nervous Tissue (6)

Th MAR 16

Lymphatic System (74) We did 1-45.

T MAR 21

Finish Lymphatic Questions 46-74; Integumentary System (76)

Cardiovascular system (51) and Cardiovascular Lab (5)

Th MAR 23

Digestive I: Mouth, Teeth, Tongue, Salivary glands. (59) (delayed to Tuesday Mar 28 because Dr. Davis was late (traffic accident.)


T MAR 28

Digestive II Part A: Esophagus, Stomach;(52) Digestive II Part B: Intestines

Lymphoid Organs and Skin (7)

Th MAR 30

Digestive II Part B: Intestines (31)

Spring Break
April 2-9



T APR 11

Test # 2 covers Nervous tissue, Cardiovascular, Lymphoid Organs, and Skin.

Oral Cavity, Esophagus, and Stomach (8) (delay salivary glands until next week.)

Th APR 13

Quiz covers Teeth & Tongue. We finish laser disk review of esophagus and stomach, then Digestive III: Liver, Gall bladder, Pancreas (57)

T APR 18

Finish laser disk review of liver, pancreas, and salivary glands. Respiratory System (31)

Digestive III: Liver, Gall bladder, Pancreas (57)

Intestines, Salivary Glands, Liver, Gall Bladder, Pancreas (9)

Th APR 20

Quiz on Esophagus, Stomach, Small and Large Intestines, Liver, Gall Bladder, Pancreas and Salivary Glands

T APR 25

Urinary System (44)


Respiratory System and Urinary System (10)

Th APR 27

Male Reproductive System (46)


Female Reproductive System (69)

Male & Female Reproductive Systems (11)

Th MAY 4

Endocrine System (54)


Test # 3 covers oral cavity, digestive tract and accessory organs, respiratory, urinary, male and female reproductive systems.

Endocrine Glands, Eye (28) and Cochlea (no questions for cochlea) (No microscopy during lab; laser disk only.)

Th MAY 11

Quiz on Eye & Cochlea and Tribute to Seniors (don't miss it!)

Monday May 15 OR

Cumulative Exam 9 am- Noon

About the Final Exam

Thursday May 18

Cumulative Exam 2-5 pm


COURSE DESCRIPTION:  Microscopic study of the cellular structure of organs and tissues.

COURSE OBJECTIVE:  The student should be able to recognize and name cell types, tissues, and organs and the specializations and selected abnormalities in each of the above in normal mammalian material prepared for the light microscope.

MEASURING PROGRESS TOWARD OBJECTIVE:  Weekly quizzes based on text readings and the contents of laboratory exercise for that week will reveal the extent to which students have mastered the material on each topic.  The weekly quizzes are oral, written, and visual in the sense that the professor asks questions orally from a database of several thousand laser disk images projected onto a large screen.  Answers are written by students on an answer sheet provided.  Three examinations are of a similar format but include selected questions derived from the study questions provided for each text chapter.  The final comprehensive exam incorporates the same format of imaged-based questions and chapter questions.

TECHNOLOGY SKLLS:  At the end of each laboratory, the contents of the lab are reviewed by the professor using images from a laserdisk which students may access for nearly 24 hour/ day.  Students study in small groups outside of normal lab hours in preparation for the quizzes and exams.  Thus students master the use of laserdisk hardware and projection equipment.  For many of the quizzes and exams, images are taken from an imagebank for which students do not have access so that students cannot simply memorize the information from the images.

INSTRUCTIONAL FORMAT:  For each topic (chapter or subdivision of a chapter), students are provided a set of study questions (typically 30-60) that are to be answered in advance of class meeting time.  In over a decade of experience, it has been demonstrated that 80% of the material can be learned by students working alone on the study questions and that the remaining 20% of the information requires clarification by the instructor.  Thus class time is used very efficiently to deal only with those questions and concepts students find problematic.  Students voluntarily form study groups in which they intensively review the laboratory topics as found in image banks.

ATTENDANCE POLICY:  As this course is filled with highly-motivated students, many of which plan to attend medical or dental school, attendance is not usually a problem and is not carefully monitored by the instructor.  Weekly quizzes assure high attendance.

Special note on attendance: Some studenst will have interviews with graduate programs that conflict with Histology class or lab. By all means you must do those interviews! You simply must! And don't feel bad about missing class or lab or a quiz either. These interviews are what you've worked so hard to achieve and are strong evidence that you're a worthy candidate. I'm proud of you for that reason, and I'm confident that you can catch up on whatever material you miss. But I cannot/will not give makeup quizzes or labs. I have not in the past 22 years and will not start this year. This is not intended to be harsh but simply an acknowledgment that missing one or two quizzes will not be your undoing. So, if you know that you'll be missing classes and labs and quizzes, then you must realize that you don't have any absences to use for other purposes.

GRADING: 10 point scale:  A = 90-100, B = 80-89, etc.  60 = lowest passing grade. Grades of + and - are determined once all grades have been obtained.

Course grade is based on 3 tests = 60% , one cumulative Final exam = 20%, weekly quizzes = 20%

Typically the lowest 2 quiz grades are dropped assuming all quizzes have been taken. Missed quizzes (up to two) will be included in the number of dropped quiz grades.  Neither quizzes nor tests may be made up, even with excused absences. In the case of a missed test, the grade from the final exam will be counted in place of the missed test.

Statement for Academic Integrity:  Honor Code

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